Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

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Brahmagupta wrote two main texts, both of which deal with arithmetic and astronomy. The United Nations UN …. He first describes addition and subtraction.

Indian astronomic material circulated widely for centuries, even passing into medieval Latin texts. Brahmagupta was brahmaagupta in CE according to his own statement. The rupas are [subtracted on the side] below that from which the square and the unknown are to be subtracted. Walter Eugene Clark David Pingree. Author of this page: Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and…. He essentially manipulated right triangles to produce isosceles triangles, scalene triangles, rectangles, isosceles trapezoids, isosceles trapezoids with three equal sides, and a scalene cyclic quadrilateral.

It was the hub of all mathematical and astronomical learning.

The kingdom of Bhillamala seems to have been annihilated but Ujjain repulsed the attacks. Brahmagupta directed a great deal of criticism towards the work of rival astronomers, and his Brahmasphutasiddhanta displays one of the earliest schisms among Indian mathematicians.


Brahmagupta Biography

A Natural History of Zero. He is the only scientist we have to thank for discovering the properties of precisely zero….

More summaries and resources for teaching or studying Brahmagupta. Perhaps his most famous result was a formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral a four-sided polygon whose vertices all reside on some circle and the length of its diagonals in terms of the length of its sides.

Many of his important discoveries were written as poetry rather than as mathematical equations! He was much ahead of his contemporaries and his mathematical and astronomical calculations remained among the most accurate available for several centuries.

Prithudaka Svamin wrote commentaries on both of his works, rendering difficult verses into brahmagulta language and adding illustrations. By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

It also contained the first clear description of the quadratic formula the solution of the quadratic equation. Hence, the elevation of the horns [of the crescent can be derived] from calculation.

Brahmagupta – Mathematician Biography, Contributions and Facts

According to George Sarton, he was a great scientist of his race. He went on to solve systems of simultaneous indeterminate equations stating that the desired variable must first be isolated, and then the equation must be divided by the desired variable’s coefficient. The four fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, and brahmaguptq were known to many cultures before Brahmagupta.


Mathematicians have now shown that zero divided by zero is undefined — it has no meaning. The product of a negative and a positive is negative, of two negatives positive, and of positives positive; the product of zero and a negative, viography zero and a positive, or of two zeros is zero. If there are many [colors], the pulverizer [is to be used].


In addition to being an accomplished astronomer, he was also a much revered brrahmagupta. Further work exploring the longitudes of the planets, diurnal rotation, lunar and solar eclipses, risings and settings, the moon’s crescent and conjunctions of the planets, are discussed in his treatise Khandakhadyaka.

In particular, he recommended using “the pulverizer” to solve equations with multiple unknowns. He also described the rules of operations on negative numbers which come quite close to the modern understanding of numbers.

To obtain a recurrence one has to know that a rectangle proportional to the original eventually recurs, a fact that was rigorously proved only in by Lagrange. He brought originality to the treatise by adding a great deal of new material to biograaphy. The brightness is increased in the direction of the sun.